Badminton Rules of Sport

Badminton is a popular racquet sport that is played and enjoyed by millions of people around the world. It’s a fast-paced and exciting game that requires skill, agility, and strategy. Whether you’re a beginner or a seasoned player, understanding the rules of badminton is essential to enjoy the game to its fullest. In this article, we will explore the key rules of badminton, from the basic gameplay to the more intricate regulations that govern this thrilling sport.

Table of Contents

  1. Introduction
  2. Court and Equipment
  3. Scoring System
  4. Serving Rules
  5. Singles Game Rules
  6. Doubles Game Rules
  7. Let and Fault
  8. In and Out
  9. Service Faults
  10. Receiving Faults
  11. Mid-Court Rules
  12. Changing Ends
  13. Code of Conduct
  14. Common Violations
  15. Conclusion
  16. FAQs


Badminton is played indoors or outdoors, with the main objective being to score points by hitting a shuttlecock (birdie) over the net and into the opponent’s court. Each match consists of either a best-of-three-games or a best-of-five-games format, depending on the tournament or level of play.

Court and Equipment

The badminton court is rectangular and divided into two halves by a net. The dimensions of the court are 13.4 meters in length and 6.1 meters in width for doubles matches, and slightly narrower for singles matches. The net’s height is set at 1.55 meters at the edges and 1.524 meters at the center.

Players use lightweight badminton rackets to hit the shuttlecock back and forth. The shuttlecock can be made of either feathers or synthetic materials.

Scoring System

In badminton, points are scored when a player successfully lands the shuttlecock in the opponent’s court. The serving side wins a point if they win the rally, while the receiving side gets the point and the right to serve if they win the rally. The first side to reach 21 points wins a game, and the side that wins two out of three games (or three out of five games) wins the match.

Serving Rules

The serve is a crucial aspect of badminton, and it’s essential to follow specific rules. The server must stand within their service court and hit the shuttlecock below their waist. The shuttlecock must pass over the net and land within the diagonally opposite service court.

Singles Game Rules

In a singles game, only one player is allowed to cover the entire court. The server must serve from one side, and the receiver must stand diagonally opposite to receive the serve.

Doubles Game Rules

In a doubles game, two players form a team on each side of the net. The server serves from one side, and the receiver stands diagonally opposite. Players must take turns hitting the shuttlecock, and the team that wins the rally serves next.

Let and Fault

A “let” is called if there is interference during the game, and the point is replayed. A “fault” is when a player violates the rules, resulting in the loss of the rally or point.

In and Out

A shuttlecock is considered “in” if it lands inside the court boundaries and “out” if it lands outside.

Service Faults

Service faults occur if the server violates the service rules, such as improper foot positioning or striking the shuttlecock above the waist.

Receiving Faults

Receiving faults happen if the receiver moves before the server makes contact with the shuttlecock or if the receiver’s partner obstructs the server’s view.

Mid-Court Rules

Players must not touch the mid-court line with any part of their body during the game, as it determines whether a shuttlecock is “in” or “out.”

Changing Ends

Players switch sides after each game to ensure fairness in dealing with any court conditions, such as wind or lighting.

Code of Conduct

Badminton has a code of conduct that players must adhere to, promoting sportsmanship, respect, and fair play.

Common Violations

Common violations include crossing the net to play a shot, delaying the game intentionally, and obstructing an opponent’s shot.


Badminton is a thrilling sport that demands skill, strategy, and determination. Understanding the rules is vital for players to excel and enjoy the game. So, whether you’re a casual player or aspiring to become a professional, grasp the rules, practice regularly, and have fun on the court!


1. Can the shuttlecock touch the net during a rally? Yes, as long as the shuttlecock passes over the net and lands in the opponent’s court, it’s considered a valid shot.

2. Is there a limit to the number of hits allowed during a rally? No, there’s no limit to the number of hits, but each side can only hit the shuttlecock once before sending it over the net.

3. Can I challenge the umpire’s decision during a match? Some professional tournaments allow players to challenge a limited number of decisions using video replays.

4. Can I use any racket for playing badminton? It’s recommended to use a racket specifically designed for badminton to get the best performance and control.

5. Is badminton an Olympic sport? Yes, badminton has been an Olympic sport since the 1992 Barcelona Olympics, and it continues to be a popular event.


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